What is Mood Disorder Meaning and Types of Mood Disorder

As the name implies, a mood disorder is a mental disorder that causes so much fluctuation in one’s emotions, feelings, and mental states that it is difficult for an individual to live normally. I can’t live normally. His professional and social life are plagued by many problems.

Sometimes, this mental illness can cause a lot of depression. Other times, both depression and joy may be present simultaneously. The mental state of the patient can be either depressed or happy. Therapy is necessary in order to restore normal behavior.

Mood Disorder Types

caucasian woman psychological problem feeling anxiety depression. Her face showed Sad and worried.

The DSM-IV (TR) has described three types of mood disorders. They are:

1. Major depression

This disorder is also known as unipolar disorder. This mood disorder manifests as sadness and depression. This disorder can also cause a loss of appetite, sleep, and weight and a decrease in activation levels. Depressive disorders can be further divided into 2 parts:

Dysthymic disorder (i)

This mood disorder is characterized by a depressive mood that has a chronic nature. It is a condition where the person feels depressed for many years. For many years, the person is unable to feel any interest or pleasure in anything. His mood can return to normal in a few days, but his depression level remains high.

(ii): Major depressive disorder

This mood disorder occurs when a person has had one or more severe depressive episodes. The person is no longer interested in anything and doesn’t feel like working. This situation can lead to lack of sleep, weight loss, fatigue, inability to think clearly, feelings of worthlessness and unworthiness, as well as a tendency towards suicide. These symptoms must have been present for at least two weeks.

2. Bipolar illness

Bipolar disorder is a condition in which depression and mania can be seen alternately in a person or patient. It is also known as manic-depressive disorder. These three types of dipole strains are listed in the DSM-IV, TR:-

Cyclothymic disorder (i).

Cyclothymic disorders are similar to dysthymic disorders. It can also cause mood swings and chronic depression. Although it includes hypomanic and depressive behaviors, neither is severe enough for the DSM-IV to consider them as such. This behavior must not be more than two years old.

(ii) Bipolar 1 syndrome

Bipolar disorder is, as its name implies, a mental disorder where the patient has one or more episodes or more of mania and one or more episodes of depression. from a person who has experienced the events. Patients with bipolar I disorder are unlikely to have ever experienced depression, but they have had one or more manic episodes.

Bipolar II disorder (iii)

Bipolar II disorder refers to a mental disorder where the patient has had at least one hypomanic and one or more depressive psychotic episodes. It happens. The patient does not experience a manic episode. Hypomania is when a person’s mood is elevated, or elevated for a brief time. They have a state similar to irritability, but they don’t have any adverse effects on their social work. Such a person is admitted into a mental hospital. It is not necessary to have it treated.

Bipolar II disorder may have a milder manic episode than bipolar I disorder. Bipolar disorder can be more severe.

Other mood disorders

These mood disorders that are caused by mental and physical disorders are included in this category. One in every ten major depressions is caused by a physical illness rather than a psychological or emotional illness, such as diabetes, a heart attack, or cancer. You may also have some medication to consider.

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