HEALTH AND FITNESS

Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of High Blood Pressure

Today, high blood pressure, i.e., hypertension, remains a serious problem all over the world. In common language, we call it high blood pressure (BP). It is a deadly disease. High blood pressure is like a calm volcano, which does not show any symptoms or danger from outside, but when this volcano erupts, it can have serious consequences like paralysis and heart attack on our body. Previously, it was thought that this was a problem only for the elderly, but with the changing environment, the problem of hypertension is spreading to children and young people as well.

What is blood pressure (BP)?

Elderly patient with bp, heart rate.

The increase in blood pressure in the arteries is called blood pressure. Arteries are blood vessels in the body that carry blood from the heart to all the organs and tissues.

Blood Pressure Monitoring

The unit of measurement of blood pressure is millimeters/mercury (mm.Hg). It is measured with a Sphygmomanometer . Blood pressure is measured in two numbers. For example, the blood pressure of an adult is considered to be 120/80 mmHg. When it measures 140/90 mm/Hg, it is considered high blood pressure.

What are the symptoms of hypertension (high blood pressure)?

Most people with hypertension do not have any specific symptoms. Some people have a headache, high blood pressure, chest pain or heaviness, trouble breathing, sudden nervousness, difficulty understanding or speaking, sudden numbness, tingling, or weakness in the face, arms, or legs, or blurred vision-like symptoms appear.

What is hypertension (high blood pressure)?

  • Heredity: Heredity is the main cause of hypertension. If there is a problem with high blood pressure in a family, then their next generation also suffers from this problem. This is due to the transfer of genes from one generation to another.
  • Obesity: It has become clear from research that obesity is a major cause of high blood pressure. An obese person has a much higher risk of high blood pressure than a normal person.
  • Lack of exercise—not participating in sports, exercise, and physical activities also increases the risk of high blood pressure.
  • Age: As the age of a person increases, the walls of the blood vessels become weak, which leads to the problem of high blood pressure.
  • Various diseases—heart attack, heart diseases, kidney failure, weakening of blood vessels, etc.—lead to high blood pressure.
  • For these reasons alone, consuming too much salt and consuming excessive amounts of alcohol, smoking, and coffee can lead to the problem of high blood pressure.

How to Avoid Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Shot of a young man taking his blood pressure while sitting on the sofa at home.

Symptoms of high blood pressure may not appear for many years and decades. That’s why it is also called the “silent killer. To avoid this, a person should keep their blood pressure measured from time to time. If it is not treated at the right time, then it is necessary to take the help of medicines to control high blood pressure. Regular consumption of medicine changes the lifestyle of a person. Some measures to prevent high blood pressure are described below.

  • High blood pressure can be controlled by controlling obesity, getting regular exercise, getting deep sleep, staying stress free and following a proper diet.
  • High blood pressure is likely to occur due to excessive alcohol use, smoking and consumption of narcotic drugs, so they should not be used. If you are diabetic, control your sugar. One should avoid stress and make a habit of being happy. Deep sleep should be taken.
  • Food is of great importance to avoid high blood pressure. It can be avoided if proper food is taken. Reduce the amount of salt in your food. High blood pressure levels get better if potassium is taken in proper amount. Apart from this, fruits such as bananas, oranges, pears, tomatoes, dried peas, almonds, and potatoes must be included in the diet as they are high in potassium. Eat greasy or fattening foods in moderation.
  • After the age of 30, every person must have their blood pressure checked at least once a year. People who have a history of high blood pressure in their family should get their blood pressure checked every year from the age of 20 onwards.

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