Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Dental Fluorosis

Dental fluorosis is a dental disease caused by the deposition of fluoride in the hard and soft tissues of the body. Fluorine is a mineral that is found naturally in all water sources, including the oceans. Research shows that fluoride not only prevents cavities in children and adults, but it also helps treat the early signs of tooth decay. But when there is an excess of fluorine in the body, it causes fluorosis.

It is a health problem caused by excessive intake of fluorine through drinking water, food products, or industrial pollutants over a long period. Taking in excess fluoride affects teeth and bones. Dental fluorosis affects children and causes discoloration and discoloration of teeth.

If the amount of fluorine in the water becomes 3–5 ppm, then there is a possibility of fluorosis. High levels of fluoride have been found in 230 districts in 20 states in Nigeria. Among these, Rivers, Anambra, Imo, Bauchi, Ogun, Lagos, and Oyo are moderately affected states, while Borno, Ondo, Kaduna, Kano, and Bauchi are mildly affected states. As a result, fluorosis affects more than 62 percent of Nigerian children.

The Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission, launched by the Ministry of Rural Development, worked from 1987-1993 to control fluorosis through awareness campaigns. In 2008-09, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, launched a national program aimed at prevention, diagnosis, and management of fluorosis in endemic areas.

Symptoms of Dental Fluorosis

  • Enamel loses its luster and white spots appear on the teeth.
  • After some time, these white spots turn yellow and brown.
  • The enamel becomes weak and starts breaking.
  • Teeth become brittle.

Causes of Dental Fluorosis

Children’s caries, treatment, recovery. Before and after. The child shows the damaged teeth by caries, and in the second picture the dentist’s work on the restoration of teeth.

This is mainly due to the excess of fluoride in the water. Also, a major cause of fluorosis is the overuse of fluoridated dental products such as toothpaste and mouth rinses. Sometimes, children enjoy the taste of fluoridated toothpaste so much that they swallow it instead of spitting it out.

There are other causes of fluorosis as well. For example, it can be caused by taking more than prescribed fluoride supplements in childhood. High amounts of fluoride-fortified fruit juices and soft drinks also cause it.

Fluorosis treatment

Fluorosis affects only the appearance of the teeth. It does not cause cavities. Therefore, most treatments for fluorosis involve removing the stain, such as:

  • Tooth whitening can be done to remove stains.
  • Crowns can be used.
  • Mi Paste, which is a calcium phosphate product, is sometimes used to reduce tooth discoloration.

How to avoid Fluorosis: Prevention of Fluorosis

  • If you use a public water supply, ask your supplier about fluoride levels. If the quantity is high, do not use it for drinking.
  • Some foods and drinks contain fluoride. Fluoride is now added to some bottled waters. Do not use them excessively.
  • At home, keep all fluoridated products such as toothpaste, mouth rinses, and supplements out of the reach of young children.
  • Do not use flavored toothpaste. Because small children swallow it because of its taste,
  • If you have started to get spots on your teeth, go to the dentist.

So friends, these are some ways that can help you keep your teeth healthy.

I hope you liked this article. If you have any questions or suggestions, please leave them in the comments section.

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